What are the hard and fast rules to know when watching Formula E?

Adver­tise­ments

You can’t move the goalposts in motorsport, so what are the hard and fast rules to know when watching Formula E. Below is a brief overview of the rules and regulations — we won’t get too technical though. For a detailed look at the rules and regulations, you can visit the FIA website

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From For­mu­la e web­site

Championship and standings 

The FIA For­mu­la E Cham­pi­onship con­sists of two sep­a­rate titles — one ded­i­cat­ed to the dri­vers and anoth­er ded­i­cat­ed to the teams. The dri­vers’ cham­pi­onship is decid­ed by their end of sea­son total, made of his or her best results over the entire cam­paign. Where­as the teams’ cham­pi­onship is made up by cal­cu­lat­ing both driver’s scores through­out the sea­son.

Points system

For­mu­la E fol­lows a stan­dard points sys­tem, used in oth­er FIA-sanc­tioned series — award­ing points to the top-10 fin­ish­ers.

1st — 25pts

2nd — 18pts

3rd — 15pts

4th — 12pts

5th — 10pts

6th — 8pts

7th — 6pts

8th — 4pts

9th — 2pts

10th — 1pt

Addi­tion­al points are also award­ed for secur­ing Julius Baer Pole Posi­tion and clinch­ing the Visa Fastest Lap – more details on both of these below.

The dri­ver start­ing at the front (Julius Baer Pole Posi­tion) picks-up an extra three points, while the dri­ver set­ting the pace dur­ing the race (Visa Fastest Lap) receives an addi­tion­al point. How­ev­er, as a new rule intro­duced for Sea­son Four, the dri­ver must fin­ish in the top-10 places to gain an extra point. If not, then the dri­ver in the top-10 with the fastest lap takes the hon­our.

Julius Baer pole posi­tion — 3 points

Visa fastest lap — 1 point (if in a top-10 fin­ish­ing posi­tion)

Standings after Hong Konk 2017 1st Race
Stand­ings after Hong Konk 2017 1st Race

Race day format 

Shake­down — at most events a shake­down ses­sion is held on Fri­day — the day before the main event — but this is depen­dent on the track (in our case, city streets) being avail­able. Dri­vers use this ses­sion to check the elec­tron­ic sys­tems and the reli­a­bil­i­ty of the car, but not over­all per­for­mance as the cars run at a reduced speed. At this time, the track lay­out, kerbs and fea­tures can be checked by the FIA (the world gov­ern­ing body of motor­sport), tak­ing into account feed­back from the com­peti­tors pro­vid­ed in the dri­ver brief­ing.

Pow­er — the pow­er is lim­it­ed to 110kW. 

Prac­tice — each event has two prac­tice ses­sions — an open­ing 45-minute ses­sion fol­lowed by a fur­ther 30-minute ses­sion. This is reduced to only one 45-minute ses­sion on the sec­ond day of a dou­ble-head­er. Here the teams and dri­vers take to the track for the first time in earnest – allow­ing them to get a feel for the track and adapt to the car set-up. 

Pow­er — 200kW is avail­able through­out.

Qual­i­fy­ing and super pole shoot-out — qual­i­fy­ing deter­mines the start­ing grid for the race, with the fastest dri­ver lin­ing-up in first place. The ses­sion lasts one hour and sees dri­vers divid­ed into groups, decid­ed by a lot­tery con­duct­ed in the dri­ver brief­ing. Each dri­ver has six min­utes to set their best time, with the top-five dri­vers pro­ceed­ing to the Super Pole shoot-out in a bid to secure Julius Baer Pole Posi­tion and an addi­tion­al three points. Dur­ing the Super Pole shoot-out, the dri­vers go out one-by-one, with the fifth fastest dri­ver from the group stages going out first. When he or she cross­es the line to start their fly­ing lap, the pit­lane light turns green and the fourth fastest dri­ver heads out. This is repeat­ed until all five dri­vers have com­plet­ed a lap.

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Pow­er — 200kW is avail­able through­out.

E-Prix — races, or E-Prix, begin with a stand­ing start, mean­ing the cars are sta­tion­ary until the lights go green. The dri­vers line-up on a dum­my grid — a short dis­tance behind the actu­al grid — and slow­ly file into posi­tion to start the race. The E-Prix lasts for approx­i­mate­ly 50-min­utes with each dri­ver mak­ing one manda­to­ry stop to change cars. In race mode, the max­i­mum pow­er avail­able is lim­it­ed to 180kW — 10kW more than Sea­son Three. The three dri­vers who receive the high­ly-acclaimed FANBOOST – as vot­ed for by the fans — each have an extra 100kJ at their dis­pos­al. 

Pow­er — lim­it­ed to 180kW, with addi­tion­al ener­gy for the win­ners of the FANBOOST vote.

Dou­ble-head­er — the major­i­ty of races take place over a sin­gle day in order to min­imise dis­rup­tion to the host city. How­ev­er, where pos­si­ble some events stretch to two days with dou­ble the amount of action — these are referred to as dou­ble-head­ers. The sched­ules are mir­rored from each day, with only one 45-minute prac­tice ses­sion on the sec­ond day.

Pit stops and car changes

Dur­ing each E-Prix, dri­vers must make one manda­to­ry stop in order to change cars — jump­ing into a sec­ond, ful­ly-charged car that’s ready and wait­ing in the garage. This must take place in their allo­cat­ed garage or ded­i­cat­ed slot in the pit­lane (depend­ing on the loca­tion of the pit­lane and garages) and be observed by an FIA stew­ard to ensure all safe­ty equip­ment and belts are cor­rect­ly fas­tened. A min­i­mum time is also enforced to pre­vent rush­ing and pro­vide enough time to com­plete nec­es­sary checks. Tyre changes, unless caused by a punc­ture or oth­er dam­age, are not per­mit­ted dur­ing this pit stop phase.

Tyres and allo­ca­tion

The bespoke 18-inch tread­ed all-weath­er tyres are sup­plied by Miche­lin — offi­cial tyre sup­pli­er of the FIA For­mu­la E Cham­pi­onship. For each event, every dri­ver is sup­plied with a new set of tyres — two new front tyres and two new rear tyres. In addi­tion to the new set, dri­vers also car­ry over one front tyre and one rear tyre from the pre­vi­ous event. This same rule is also applied for dou­ble-head­ers.

Per dri­ver — two new front tyres and two new rear tyres (plus one front and rear tyre from the pre­vi­ous event).

Charg­ing times

Charg­ing the car is for­bid­den dur­ing both qual­i­fy­ing and the race, as well as through­out parc ferme and scru­ti­neer­ing. Teams can charge the cars in-between ses­sions and dur­ing prac­tice.

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FANBOOST

FANBOOST is a fan inter­ac­tion sys­tem, where fans vote to give a dri­ver an extra ener­gy boost dur­ing the race — to be used for attack or defence. Mak­ing a pass­ing move on your near­est rival, or fend­ing off an attempt to over­take.

There­fore, fans can active­ly influ­ence the out­come of the race — some­thing unique to the world of com­pet­i­tive sport.

The vot­ing win­dow opens on the Mon­day of the week of the race, five days before the event. Fans can vote once per day on each eli­gi­ble plat­form — via social media or the offi­cial For­mu­la E web­site. Vot­ing clos­es six min­utes into the race, there­fore the top-three dri­vers with the high­est per­cent­age of votes receive and addi­tion­al 100kJ of ener­gy in their sec­ond car only. When using FANBOOST, it can only be deployed once — not in a series of short bursts.

To cast your vote vis­it — www.fiaformulae.com/fanboost

Fans can also vote on social media using a #hash­tag — post­ing a #hash­tag with the name of your cho­sen dri­ver, along with #FANBOOST.

2017/2018 FIA Formula E Championship. Official Test - Valencia, Spain Monday 2 October 2017. Jerome D’Ambrosio (BEL), Dragon Racing, Penske EV-2 Photo: {Malcolm Griffiths}/LAT/Formula E ref: Digital Image MALK2997

e-Licence

Just like a dri­ving licence for the road — For­mu­la E dri­vers must qual­i­fy to par­tic­i­pate. In order to enter the FIA For­mu­la E Cham­pi­onship, dri­vers must com­ply with the fol­low­ing:

Dri­vers must con­duct a spe­cif­ic FIA train­ing ses­sion focussing on elec­tri­cal safe­ty, spe­cif­ic fea­tures of the ful­ly-elec­tric For­mu­la E car, as well as review­ing both tech­ni­cal and sport­ing aspects of the series. 

Dri­vers must have accu­mu­lat­ed at least 20 points in the past three years, in con­junc­tion with the FIA points sys­tem — used to qual­i­fy for a Super Licence. Or, to have pre­vi­ous­ly been hold­ing a Super Licence, or to have par­tic­i­pat­ed in at least three events of the pre­vi­ous FIA For­mu­la E Cham­pi­onship. 

The cham­pi­on from the pre­vi­ous sea­son auto­mat­i­cal­ly qual­i­fies for a Super Licence the fol­low­ing year.

If these points aren’t met — a dri­ver judged by the FIA to have con­sis­tent­ly demon­strat­ed out­stand­ing abil­i­ty in sin­gle-seater cat­e­gories, but with lit­tle or no oppor­tu­ni­ty to qual­i­fy, can still par­tic­i­pate.

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